Judiciary Law No. 10 of 2003 was issued and entered into force as of 2 October 2004. The Law unified the Justice and Sharia judicial entities into one authority named the Courts, specifically, the Court of Cassation, the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance, each having jurisdiction to consider and decide upon the matters referred to it under the Law.
These include cases filed before the Court of Cassation, the Criminal Court of Appeal, the Criminal Court, Court of Appealed Misdemeanours, Misdemeanour Court, Juvenile Court, Court of Cheques, Traffic Court, Environmental Court and Search and Follow Up Court. 58,043 criminal cases were heard before these courts, 54,492 (94%) of which were decided.