The Jurisdiction of the Court of Cassation
Judiciary Law No. 10 of 2003 was issued and entered into force as of 2 October 2004. The Law unified the Justice and Sharia judicial entities into one authority named the Courts, specifically, the Court of Cassation, the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance, each having jurisdiction to consider and decide upon the matters referred to it under the Law.
In fact, this Law introduced the Court of Cassation, for the first time, to the Qatari legal system, conferring upon it overarching authority over the courts to control enforcement of the law by unifying its interpretation and the construction of its provisions, ensuring the validity of its procedures, which the Court of Cassation tracks from their sources in the courts. Thus, proper execution of the law is realised, uniform execution of the law is ensured and its rule and the equality of everybody before it are confirmed, by the Court hearing cassation appeals against judgments delivered by the Court of Appeal in civil and commercial matters, family and other personal status matters and administrative contracts, as well as judgments delivered by the Court of Appeal in criminal, Hudud (limits), Qisas (retaliation in kind) and Diya (compensation) lawsuits, and the judgments delivered by an appellate body of the Court of First Instance in misdemeanours.
The Court of Cassation delivers its rulings through five members. It has a technical office which extracts the legal principles stated by the Court, classifies and publishes them after presenting them to the chair of the circuit that issued them.
It also issues compendia of judgments and prepares legal research. Articles 288-303 of Criminal Procedure Law No. 23 of 2004 provide for the cases and procedures for challenging criminal judgments by cassation actions, while Law No. 12 of 2005 states the cases and procedures for challenging other judgments by cassation actions. The rulings delivered by the Court of Cassation are final and may not be challenged before any authority.